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Discount, tax, and tip word problems
Discount tax and tip word problems 256
Description
Exercise Name: Discount, tax, and tip word problems
Math Missions: 7th grade (U.S.) Math Mission, Arithmetic essentials Math Mission, Pre-algebra Math Mission, Mathematics I Math Mission
Types of Problems: 2

The Discount, tax, and tip word problems exercise appears under the 7th grade (U.S.) Math Mission, Arithmetic essentials Math Mission, Pre-algebra Math Mission and Mathematics I Math Mission. This exercise works word problems that include the concepts of markups and markdowns.

Types of Problems

There are two types of problems in this exercise:

  1. Marking up an amount: This problem provides a situation where an amount is being marked up by some percentage. The user is asked to find either the total or the amount of the mark up.
    Dtatwp1

    Marking up an amount

  2. Marking down an amount: This problem provides a situation where an amount is being marked down by some percentage. The user is asked to find either the amount of mark down or the final amount.
    Dtatwp2

    Marking down an amount

Strategies

Knowledge of using percentage in word problem is sufficient for being able to perform this exercise, especially for attaining accuracy badges and speed badges.

  1. The mark up problems can ask for the amount of tax, the price with tax, the amount of mark up, or the price with mark up.
  2. The mark down problems can ask for the amount of discount, or the final price after discount.
  3. When performing mark up, multiply by {1+r%} instead of multiplying by {r%} and then adding on.
  4. When performing mark down, multiply by {1-r%} instead of multiplying by {r%} and then subtracting off.

Real-life Applications

  1. Fractions, decimals, and percents are used in many sports such as basketball to determine how many field goals the player has made over how many they missed.
  2. Decimals are very common in shopping. Price tags, food labels, and receipts all contain decimals.
  3. At gas pumps, decimals are used to show how much gas is pumped and much it costs per gallon.

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